How to Start Goat Farming in India : Step By Step Guide

Are you a budding entrepreneur with a passion for agriculture? Do you dream of delving into the world of livestock farming, particularly goat farming, in the diverse and culturally rich country of India? If so, you’re in for an enlightening and rewarding journey!

With a booming demand for goat meat, milk, and various by-products, embarking on goat farming in India can prove to be a profitable and fulfilling venture. This comprehensive guide will walk you through the essential steps, requirements, challenges, and success factors involved in starting your very own goat farm.

So, grab your enthusiasm, prepare your resources, and let’s delve into the art of goat farming in India!

1. Identifying the Right Goat Breed

The success of your goat farming enterprise greatly relies on choosing the appropriate goat breed that suits your objectives, target market, and climate conditions. India boasts a wide variety of goat breeds, each with its unique characteristics and advantages. Consider the following popular options:

  • Osmanabadi Goats: Hardy and adaptable to various climatic and geographical conditions, these goats are renowned for their high reproductive rate and excellent meat quality.
  • Jamunapari Goats: Known for their striking appearance and high milk yield, Jamunaparis are well-suited for commercial dairy farming.
  • Beetal Goats: Indigenous to Punjab, these goats are known for their meat production capacity and adaptability to different environments.
  • Sirohi Goats: Preferred for both meat and milk production, Sirohi goats are highly sought after for their superior fertility and resistance to diseases.
  • Barbari Goats: Originating from Uttar Pradesh, Barbaris are popular for their adaptability, meat quality, and multiple births.

Before making a final selection, consider factors such as breed availability, market demand, your budget, and the climatic conditions of your chosen location.

2. Setting Up Proper Infrastructure

Building suitable infrastructure plays a vital role in ensuring the welfare and optimum growth of your goats. Take the following key aspects into account:

  • Shelter: Construct a secure and well-ventilated shed to protect the goats from extreme weather conditions, predators, and diseases. Ensure adequate space allocation, cleanliness, and proper drainage.
  • Fencing: Adequate fencing will prevent your goats from straying away and protect them from outside threats. Use fencing materials that prevent escape and eliminate the possibility of predators entering the premises.
  • Feeding Area: Allocate a separate space for feeding and watering your goats. Provide sufficient feeders and troughs to avoid unnecessary competition among the animals.
  • Water Supply: Ensure a clean and constant water supply for your goats, as it is crucial for their health and productivity. Opt for automatic waterers or large troughs if you have a sizable herd.
  • Waste Management: Develop an effective waste management system to maintain cleanliness and prevent the spread of diseases. Regularly clean the sheds and dispose of waste appropriately.
  • Security Measures: Install surveillance cameras, secure locks, and alarms to safeguard your investment and prevent theft.

Remember, a well-designed and properly maintained infrastructure will contribute significantly to your overall goat farming success.

3. Procuring Healthy Goat Stock

Obtaining healthy and disease-free goats is imperative to building a thriving goat farm. Follow these guidelines when sourcing your goats:

  • Reliable Sources: Purchase goats from reputable breeders, trusted farms, or expert livestock agents. Ensure that the stock is vaccinated, free from parasites, and has a clean bill of health.
  • Visiting the Farm: Pay a personal visit to the goat farms you plan to buy from to assess their management practices, hygiene standards, and overall animal welfare. This will help you make an informed decision.
  • Selecting Young Goats: Opt for younger goats as they adapt to new environments more easily and are less prone to succumbing to stress-related ailments.
  • Veterinary Checkup: Once you’ve obtained the goats, ensure you consult a veterinarian for a comprehensive health examination and get them vaccinated against common diseases.

Remember that healthy goats are the backbone of your farming venture, so make sure to prioritize their well-being.

4. Nutritional Management

Providing a balanced and nutritious diet is crucial for the overall health, growth, and productivity of your goats. Consider the following points:

  • Fodder Cultivation: Cultivate green fodder such as legume hay, alfalfa, berseem, or maize in your farmland or nearby areas. This will help reduce fodder costs and ensure a regular supply of fresh and nutritious feed.
  • Supplementation: Alongside green fodder, supplement your goats’ diet with concentrates or commercial feed pellets designed specifically for goats. Consult a livestock nutritionist for advice on appropriate supplementation.
  • Minerals and Vitamins: Provide mineral and vitamin supplements to meet your goats’ dietary needs. Ensure access to clean drinking water at all times.
  • Feeding Schedule: Establish a regular feeding routine to maintain consistency and prevent digestive issues. Overfeeding or underfeeding can have adverse effects, so monitor your goats’ intake closely.
  • Feed Hygiene: Store feed properly to prevent spoilage or contamination. Clean feeders and water troughs regularly to avoid the spread of diseases.

5. Disease Management and Veterinary Care

Goats are susceptible to various diseases, which can hinder their growth and productivity. Implement the following measures to ensure optimal health:

  • Vaccinations: Consult a veterinarian to create a vaccination schedule tailored to your specific goat breed and local disease prevalence. Common vaccines include those for foot-and-mouth disease, enterotoxemia, and goat pox.
  • Regular Checkups: Schedule periodic veterinary checkups to identify any underlying health issues or signs of disease in your herd. Early detection can prevent the spread of diseases and minimize losses.
  • Parasite Control: Implement a comprehensive deworming program to combat internal and external parasites. Rotate dewormers periodically to avoid the development of resistance.
  • Quarantine: Practice quarantine measures for any new additions to your goat farm. Isolate them from the existing herd for a specific duration to prevent the introduction of potential diseases.

Remember that regular veterinary care and disease prevention strategies are fundamental to maintaining a healthy and productive goat herd.


  1. How much capital is required to start a goat farm in India?
    • The capital required varies depending on factors such as breed selection, farm size, infrastructure development, and initial goat stock. A rough estimate for a small-scale farm with around 20 goats can range from INR 5-10 lakhs.
  2. What is the gestation period of goats?
    • The gestation period for goats ranges from 145 to 155 days, with variations among different goat breeds.
  3. How long does it take for goats to reach market weight?
    • The time required for goats to reach market weight depends on various factors such as breed, nutrition, and management practices. Generally, goats reach market weight between 6-12 months.


Venturing into goat farming in India can be an excellent opportunity to channel your passion for agriculture into a profitable business. By following the steps outlined in this comprehensive guide, you will be well-equipped to embark on a successful goat farming journey. Remember to prioritize the welfare and health of your goats, stay informed about the latest farming practices, and adapt your strategies as needed. Good luck as you embark on this exciting agricultural endeavor!

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